Things that you ought to do to
produce a package story:
A package for the DTV News has
1) Video to illustrate
most of the story
2) At least one videotaped
interview (but more interviews are acceptable and encouraged).
3) A stand-up the end or
in the middle (but NEVER at the beginning)
4) The reporter’s
narration must be recorded under the video
A package story must also have:
1) A locator graphic that
include a very short headline and the on which day the story occurred (if the day is important)
2) A reporter ID graphic
3) An interview ID graphic
(one for each on-camera interview in the story)
4) A stand-up ID graphic
A package may have (if needed):
1) Full screen graphics
(typically used for lists)
2) Ambient sound bridges
(where the reporter stops talking so that their viewer can hear something that was recorded)
Planning is important. When you are assigned a package story, you should:
Make a written list of things
that need to be said in the story. You may not know everything that needs to
be said and you may not know exactly how it will be said until you do interviews and go to the location (if there is one). But you should have some idea of what will need to be said, and you should write those
down. As new information comes to your attention as you do interviews, conduct
research, and make observations, add to your list.
Start writing your story early. It doesn’t matter if it will change later.
Putting the story down on paper helps you to organize the way you will shoot the video, conduct interviews, and do
a stand-up. A script will need to be in the hands of the show producer early
on so that he or she can plan where it should be placed in the show line-up and so that other associated elements can be added
as warranted. The story can be revised
as needed until the final deadline. As you write, be sure to write as if you
are talking to a friend and make sure that what is being seen on the video tape is what you are talking about in your narration.
Decide on what video must be
shot to illustrate the story. Decide
how you will tell the story. Decide what the story should look like. Again, there will be things that come to your attention as you do interviews, conduct research, and make
observations, and when that news information comes to your attention you should add to your list the video that you need to
shoot to illustrate that information. Plan a shooting schedule that allows you
to meet the deadlines. Arrange for someone to help you shoot interviews and stand-ups
(remember to always shoot cut‑aways when you shoot and on-camera interview).
Decide what on-camera interviews
must be done or that you would like to do to tell the story in the most effective way possible. Arrange for and conduct on-camera interview(s). Sometimes you
will decide to do an interview on the spur of the moment because of something you see or hear while on location shooting video
tape. Sometimes you will plan for the interviews far in advance. You can shoot these by yourself, but it is always better to have someone help you with this. Listen to what the interviewee is saying and be sure to ask follow-up questions when warranted. You can write down questions, but be familiar enough with them that you can ask them without reading them.
Shoot video to illustrate the
story. Sometimes this will mean going to only one location where the interviews,
stand-up, and videotape will all be shot. Sometimes this will mean going to many
locations to shot the parts of the story that are needed. When you talk about
something in your narration, the viewer should be able to see it on the tape. As
soon as possible after shooting any part of your story, make out a shot-sheet. You
may not have a camera or tape deck to view and listen to your story later, so make use of it while you have it. You will need the information on your shot sheet to write your story.
Shoot a stand-up. Whether you shoot the stand-up at an event or afterwards depends on the details of the story. The stand-up should be in a location that has to do with the stand-up itself. If you are talking about the cafeteria in your stand-up, you should be in the cafeteria for the stand-up
and not in the arena. The stand-up puts you at the scene of the action so that
the viewer knows for a fact that what you are reporting something that you find out about for yourself.
Complete the writing of your
story. Use your shot sheet to write so that what is seen on the video tape is
what you are talking about in your narration. Record your narration and edit
your story. As you edit, be sure to have your video start at least 5 seconds
before your narration is 1st heard and that there are at least 5 seconds of video after your narration or stand-up